How To Use Hampshire Sheen

These How-To Guides have been written by Hampshire Sheen developer Martin Saban-Smith to address some of the most common questions we get asked and see on social media from new users of the products.

Also downloadable as single A4 pages, the guides contain information on our recommended application methods and hints and tips on improving your finishing in general although other application methods may also work. They are not intended to replace instruction from an experienced user. Always read the labels on the products and take note of any safety warnings.

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More guides are in production.


Gloss Finishing Wax

Our best selling Gloss Finishing Wax is a carefully designed combination of carnauba and microcrystalline waxes suspended in a low odour solvent to enable you to build up a super-tough glossy finish to turned work that is also fingerprint resistant Food & Toy Safe when cured.
It has a stiff texture and at times (particularly in cold weather) may appear ‘crumbly’ in the tin. This is perfectly normal and is due to the very high wax to solvent ratio. When used correctly, you need less of the product than you may think to achieve a fantastic quality finish.
We believe our Gloss Finishing Wax is the toughest and most long lasting finish available and is a popular go-to finish for many turners.

Make sure you have Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the Guide. Click HERE.

Basic Application

1: Sand piece immaculately down to at least 400 grit;
2: For best results, apply sanding sealer and burnish when dry;
3: Evenly apply a light coat of thewax with a soft paper towel;
4: Allow to dry a little and then buff;
5: Apply additional coats for deeper shine.

Pro Finishing Tips

  • Spend less time sanding by improving your tool handling technique.
  • Always use a sanding sealer for decorative items.
  • Apply with paper towel.
  • Use less than you think you need.
  • Best applied with the lathe stationary.
  • Build the product up in light layers.
  • Buff to a shine with the lathe spinning at an appropriate speed for the size of the piece.
  • Can be mechanically buffed with a buffing wheel.
  • Take your time! It’s the quality of the finish that will be seen for the length of the piece’s life.
  • White flecks in open grain wood? Use a heat gun to melt them, then buff again. Use less next time.
  • Can be used to overcoat Embellishing Waxes and is compatible with other finishing products.
  • Firmly replace the lid after use.
  • Store in a cool dry place out of direct light, away from heat sources and protect from freezing.
  • If the product appears ‘dried out’, do not attempt to soften it – the process is potentially dangerous.
  • Stored correctly, the product will be good for use for 18 months + once opened.

Always read the product labels.
SAFETY FIRST! Always take appropriate steps to ensure the safety of your workshop environment.

Make sure you have Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the Guide. Click HERE.

Microcrystalline Wax

Microcrystalline Wax is an ideal protective finish for many different projects including wood, leather and metal. Fingerprint and water resistant, this wax is a hard wearing, overcoat to wax and other finishes for an extra level of protection. Food contact and toy safe when cured.
Although Microcrystalline Wax can be used as a lustrous finish on it’s own, we find it is best suited to a protective overcoat to other finishes. It can also be used as a coating for leather, metal and other media.
Our Microcrystalline Wax appears hard in the tin. We provide the wax in a very high wax to solvent ratio meaning you need very little of the product to overcoat your work. A popular choice.

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Basic Application

1: Sand piece immaculately down to at least 400 grit and apply your preferred finish.
2: Apply a little Microcrystalline Wax in a thin coat. Allow to dry.
3: Buff to a shine by hand, a buffing mop or for lathe items a paper towel.
4: Apply additional coats as required.

Pro Finishing Tips

  • Our recommended use for this product is as a protective overcoat to other finishes and media.
  • Expect this product to produce a lustre that can be built up to a gloss over several coats.
  • Use less than you think you need.
  • Best applied with the lathe stationary.
  • For a quicker shiny finish, consider using Hampshire Sheen Gloss Finishing Wax.
  • Buff to a shine with the lathe spinning with paper towel or by hand with a stationary lathe and cloth.
  • White flecks in open grain wood? Use a heat gun to melt them, then buff again. Use less next time.
  • Firmly replace the lid after use.
  • Store in a cool dry place out of direct light, away from heat sources and protect from freezing.
  • If the product appears ‘dried out’, do not attempt to soften it – the process is potentially dangerous.
  • Stored correctly, the product will be good for use for 18 months + once opened.
  • All wax products will tarnish if left in contact with water or acids such as fruit or alcohol.

Always read the product labels.
SAFETY FIRST! Always take appropriate steps to ensure the safety of your workshop environment.

Make sure you have Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the Guide. Click HERE.

Embellishing Waxes

Hampshire Sheen produces a range of Embellishing Waxes for use in open grained woods and tight grained woods that have had texture added to them. They are not a surface finish.

There are nine colours available: Gold, Silver, Bronze, Black, White, Electric Blue, Electric Green, Electric Purple and Hot Pink.

Use them in conjunction with the Intrinsic Colour Collection for stunning results. There’s no need to wait for a gilt cream to dry overnight – this product dries quickly when buffed. For extra protection, we recommend it be overcoated with Hampshire Sheen Microcrystalline Wax. Supplied in a 60g (2.02oz) aluminium screw top tin.

Make sure you have Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the Guide. Click HERE.

Basic Application

1: Sand piece to at least 400 grit and clean the dust out of the grain or texture;
2: For best results, use in conjunction with a dye or stain.
3: Apply a single coat of sanding sealer;
3: Liberally apply your chosen Embellishing Wax, rubbing it deeply into the grain or applied texture;
4: Allow to dry a little and then buff the product off the surface. (Drying times vary, depending on ambient temperature and humidity;
5: Optionally apply more coats as required and overcoat with Microcrystalline Wax.

Pro Finishing Tips

  • Good sanding is key! Ensure any tool marks, tear out or sanding marks are removed. They will be very obvious after colours and this wax is applied.
  • Remember, these waxes are for open grained woods like Oak, Ash, Elm, Chestnut or tight grained woods that have been textured like maple or boxwood.
  • Consider using contrasting, but complementary colours for obvious embellishment. Think Black Wax on ash, for example. Or Gold in Walnut.
  • For truly striking results, use in conjunction with the Intrinsic Colour Collection.
  • The more you can clean sanding dust out of the grain and texture, the better the result will be.
  • After application, buff the wax off the surface leaving a gloss finish which can overcoated with Microcrystalline Wax if desired.
  • It is possible to use Hampshire Sheen Clear Lacquer over the Embellishing Waxes.
  • Firmly replace the lid after use.
  • Store in a cool dry place out of direct light, away from heat sources and protect from freezing. Once opened, use within 6 months.
  • All wax products will tarnish if left in contact with water or acids such as fruit or alcohol.

Always read the product labels.
SAFETY FIRST! Always take appropriate steps to ensure the safety of your workshop environment.

Make sure you have Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the Guide. Click HERE.

Carnacrystalline & Pen Turner’s Overcoat Sticks

CarnaCrystalline Stick: A woodturner’s ultra glossy finishing stick hand blended with carnauba and microcrystalline waxes for a brilliant shine and tough protection for your turned spindle wood pieces
Pen Turner’s Overcoat Stick: A super fine finishing stick hand made with 100% microcrystalline wax for a brilliant shine with superb protection against fingerprints.

Two solid wax sticks specifically made for use on small spindle pieces on a lathe. Their composition guarantees a superb gloss finish when applied correctly. Supplied as 31g (1oz) bullion shaped wax sticks.

Make sure you have Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the Guide. Click HERE.

CarnaCrystalline Application

1: Finish sanding down to at least 400 grit;
2: Apply sanding sealer and cut back lightly;
3: Apply your finishing wax. We recommend our Gloss Finishing Wax;
4: With the lathe running safely fast, smoothly apply the CarnaCrystalline Stick with a little pressure from one end of the piece to the other;
5: Use a safety cloth or paper towel to buff to an ultra-glossy shine.

Pen Turner’s Overcoat Application

1: Finish your pen using your usual method;
2: With the lathe running fast, smoothly apply the Pen Turner’s Overcoat Stick with a little pressure from one end of the
piece to the other in one motion to ensure even coverage;
3: Use a safety cloth or paper towel to then buff to a shine.

Pro Finishing Tips

  • These sticks are intended for use on small spindle projects. Attempting to use on a bowl for example, will lead to difficulties.
  • They are specially shaped to fit into tiny details on spindle work such as finials.
  • Use a very light pressure to apply the wax. Hard pressure can lead to spirals along the piece.
  • When buffing, apply enough pressure to cause the wax to soften and smooth over the surface. Too much pressure will remove it from the piece.
  • These products may also be used on buffing systems.
  • All wax products will tarnish if left in contact with water or acids such as fruit or alcohol.

Always read the product labels.
SAFETY FIRST! Always take appropriate steps to ensure the safety of your workshop environment.

Make sure you have Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the Guide. Click HERE.

Danish Oil

Our very popular Danish Oil is food safe and complies to EN71 toy safe when dry, giving this product a huge number of potential uses.
Thinner, more penetrating and less smelly than other Danish Oils, our product contains only pure Tung Oil and a dearomatised solvent, no artificial varnish, resins or other vegetable oils.
Our Danish Oil is very easy to apply, contains over 50% Tung Oil, is odourless when dry, deeply penetrating and protecting, will not chip, flake or peel when cured and is naturally water resistant.

As a high-build finish, this oil can produce a super warm glow gloss when enough coats are applied and buffed when cured thoroughly.

Make sure you have Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the Guide. Click HERE.

Basic Application

1: Shake before use.
2: Sand your work down to your desired grit.
3: Apply the oil using a paper towel or rag;
4: Remove excess oil from surface;
5: Allow 20 minutes between coats and apply a maximum of 2 before allowing to cure;
6: Leave to cure thoroughly for at least 24-48 hours before buffing and putting into use. Curing time will vary due to ambient temperature and humidity;
7: Recoat as required.

Pro Finishing Tips

  • Avoid rushing your finishing, particularly with oils.
  • Clean the dust off the piece before applying, particularly open grained woods.
  • Apply with paper towel.
  • Apply with the lathe stationary.
  • For the best finish, build the product up in multiple coats over several days, allowing 24 hours curing time between no more than 4 – 6 coats.
  • Lightly de-nib the surface between cured coats before applying more oil.
  • With many coats applied, a warm gloss shine can be achieved by carefully buffing the cured surface.
  • Can be used with the Intrinsic Colour Collection.
  • If using as an embellishment rather than a finish, apply the oil before any sealer.
  • Ensure the product is completely cured before applying any further finishes or putting into use.
  • Firmly replace the lid after use.
  • Store in a cool dry place out of direct light, away from heat sources and protect from freezing. Once opened, use within 6 months.
  • Lay saturated towels or cloths flat to cure before appropriate disposal. Do Not Pile Them Up.

Always read the product labels.
SAFETY FIRST! Always take appropriate steps to ensure the safety of your workshop environment.

Make sure you have Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the Guide. Click HERE.

Citrus Burnishing Oil

Our Citrus Burnishing Oil leaves a silky smooth, fresh smelling food safe (BS EN 71-3:2019) finish on your turned pieces.
This oil can be easily applied and then burnished dry in a matter of minutes, and can be overcoated with waxes or lacquers if you wish. Use multiple coats for a water and oil resistant finish suitable for salad, fruit and snack bowls.

Easy to apply; Over 50% Tung Oil; Food Safe when dry; Fresh smell when dry, fading over time; Deeply penetrating and protecting; Will not chip, flake or peel; Naturally water and oil resistant when cured.
Supplied in a 500ml (17.6oz) cone top bottle.

Make sure you have Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the Guide. Click HERE.

Basic Application

  1. Shake before use.
  2. We recommend sanding to at least 400, 600 or a higher grit.
  3. Apply the oil using a paper towel and allow to penetrate the wood for a minute or two;
  4. Remove excess oil from surface;
  5. With the lathe spinning safely fast, use a paper towel to burnish the oil dry;
  6. Recoat as required.
  7. May be overcoated with wax or lacquer when properly cured.
  8. Use within 12 months of purchase for best results.

Pro Finishing Tips

  • Avoid rushing your finishing, particularly with oils.
  • Clean the dust off the piece before applying, particularly open grained woods.
  • Apply with paper towel.
  • Apply with the lathe stationary.
  • For the best finish, remove excess oil from the surface before burnishing dry to a finish.
  • Lightly de-nib the surface between coats before adding more oil; remove the excess before burnishing.
  • After a few coats, and allowed to harden for a few days, the citrus finish is water and oil resistant.
  • Can be used with the Intrinsic Colour Collection.
  • If using as an embellishment rather than a finish, apply the oil before any sealer.
  • Ensure the product is completely cured before applying any further finishes or putting into use.
  • Firmly replace the lid after use.
  • Store in a cool dry place out of direct light, away from heat sources and protect from freezing. BS EN71-3:2019 is a UK standard. It may not be accepted outside the UK
  • Flammable. Lay saturated towels or cloths flat to cure before appropriate disposal. Do Not Pile Them Up.

Always read the product labels.
SAFETY FIRST! Always take appropriate steps to ensure the safety of your workshop environment.

Make sure you have Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the Guide. Click HERE.

Clear & Black Gloss Lacquers

Our gloss acrylic Spray Lacquers have been formulated to be strong and flexible. They can be used for both internal and external projects, and look sublime when burnished to a flawless shine.
Touch dry in 10 to 20 minutes, these lacquers can be overcoated after that time, and lightly burnished within a few of hours under normal conditions. Leave to fully cure over night before using a buffing system.
Use over the top of our Intrinsic Colour Collection and sanding sealer for vibrant, attractive and well protected pieces.
These lacquers haves been chosen for superb qualities to bring you a first class finishing product: Fast drying and high gloss; Can be used on wood, metal and other media; Weather resistant, light proof and UV resistant; Scratch and impact resistant; Excellent surface hardness and good elasticity. Perfect for wood projects; Can be mechanically buffed. Coverage: 1.56 – 2.19m2 per 500ml
Our lacquers ares 100% free from heavy metals. The caps and packaging are made of recyclable materials. Supplied in a 500ml (17.6oz) aerosol cans with 2 diffusing nozzles.

Make sure you have Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the Guide. Click HERE.

Basic Application

1: Sand your work down smooth and ensure the surface is free from dust, grease and moisture;
2: Prepare the surface well with a suitable sealer and ensure it has fully dried;
3: Shake can for at least two minutes before use;
4: Take care to avoid breathing spray and use in a well ventilated area;
5: Apply light coats 250mm from the piece, giving time for the lacquer to dry between coats;
6: If desired, lightly cut back the lacquer between dry coats for an even finish;
7: When dry and under normal conditions, Hampshire Sheen lacquers can be burnished with abrasive pastes and
mechanically buffed after approximately 24 hours.
8: Apply an additional overcoat of our Microcrystalline Wax for a silky smooth feel.

Pro Finishing Tips

  • For a glass-like lacquer finish, do not expect a quick process. It takes time and patience!
  • A poorly sealed surface will require more lacquer to cover it. Ensure you seal your piece properly!
  • When applying the first few coats, it is normal for lacquers to look a bit like orange peel. This will even out during further application.
  • For best results, cut the surface back after every 2 or 3 coats to even out the orange peel look. Use 400 grit paper or a soft abrasive pad.
  • Each coat should lightly cover the entire surface. Too much, and the product will not lay evenly.
  • If you get a run through applying too much, allow it to dry completely, then sand that area back or cut it all off and start again before reapplying.
  • When cured, and for a glass-like finish, use abrasive pastes like Yorkshire Grit and finish off with an automotive paint restoring cream.
  • Be careful when usinig abrasives and pastes on lacquers – too much heat can cause them to melt and slide. Take your time.
  • Clear the nozzle by spraying the product upside down, then replacing the lid after use.
  • Store in a cool dry place out of direct light, away from heat sources and protect from freezing.

Always read the product labels.
SAFETY FIRST! Always take appropriate steps to ensure the safety of your workshop environment.

Make sure you have Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the Guide. Click HERE.

PreThinned Cellulose Sanding Sealer

Our cellulose sanding sealer is prethinned down to our preferred ratio which penetrates deeply into your wood, producing a smooth surface after a few coats over which you can apply your final finish perfectly.
We’ve tried lots of different sanding sealers and have discovered this cellulose sealer and thinners mix to be perfect for both standard, coloured and textured work.
This is our preferred sealer for use over the Intrinsic Colour Collection, or other water based wood stains. Note that it is common for a little of the added colour to be removed from the surface when using this product. See the Intrinsic Colour Collection for specific usage advice.

Make sure you have Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the Guide. Click HERE.

Basic Application

1: Shake well before use.
2: Sand and finish your work as normal,ensuring the surface is dust free;
3: If applying water based colour, do so before applying the sealer and allow the colours to dry completely;
4: Evenly apply cellulose sanding sealer with a paper towel or cloth and allow to dry thoroughly;
5: Apply more coats until wood surface is smooth, allowing to dry between coats;
6: Lightly de-nib the dry sanding sealer before applying your final surface finish.

Pro Finishing Tips

  • Sanding sealer is used to close the grain in wood, giving an even surface for finishes to be applied over.
  • Clean the dust off the piece before applying, particularly open grained woods.
  • Apply with paper towel.
  • Apply with the lathe stationary.
  • Build the product up in thin coats, allowing to dry between coats until the surface is even.
  • For best results when ‘de-nibbing’, use the shavings from the piece being sealed. Use light pressure.
  • Getting lines when de-nibbing? There is too much heat! Sand back, reapply and use less pressure.
  • When applying over dyes and stains, it is normal for some colour to be removed from the surface.
  • Can also be used to stiffen wood fibres prior to the use of texturing tools.
  • Ensure product is dry before applying any finish.
  • Firmly replace the lid after use.
  • Store in a cool dry place out of direct light, away from heat sources and protect from freezing.
  • Once opened, use within 6 months.
  • Use in a well ventilated area and be aware of the strong smell. This is normal for cellulose sealers.

Always read the product labels.
SAFETY FIRST! Always take appropriate steps to ensure the safety of your workshop environment.

Make sure you have Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the Guide. Click HERE.

If you have any further queries about your Hampshire Sheen products, please do contact us and we’ll be please to help where possible.